If you are interested in a welding career, you might have already looked into the welding rod numbers. And surely you have a question, what these numbers actually stand for?
Well, if you are more curious to know about the exact meaning of these numbers and usage of welding rod, then you are at the right place. We will let you have vast knowledge about the mainstream of the welding world .
But before that you have to know what welding rod is. Welding rod refers electrodes or filler metal that is used to join two other base metals.
Now, let’s dive in to explore more about welding rod numbers and uses.
Read more in details about welding rod sizes. You will get complete guide.
What welding rod do I use?
You have to select a welding rod for use that perfectly matched the composition of the base metal. Another important fact is matching the welding position with the welding rod. In fact, a perfect welding rod will help you to get comfortable welding.
Penetration is another important fact when you would like to choose a welding rod. You have to consider this.
When you work in a slop position, 6010 or 6011 can provide you the best service. For mild steel, any 60 rod is okay. But for the thin materials, you have to choose a rod that has a soft arc. The 6013 welding rod can be the best option for this.
On the other hand, some welding rods can only be used in AC. There is another type that can be used in DC. So select your desired rod that will be perfect for you. You can also use the rod that can work both in DC and AC.
What is the 6013 welding rod used for?
The 6013 welding rod can be used in both AC and DC. It is probably known to you that AC changes the flowing direction. On the contrary, DC flows steadily in a certain direction. However, the 6013 rod is perfect for thin metal. It is best used for light to medium penetration.
It provides a very smooth finish. So you can easily choose it if you need smooth finish welding.
Generally, professional welders use this kind of rod for occasional and short welding. That’s because it can provide a better service and stable arc.
Most importantly, the 6013 rods are used in repairing any sheet metal. This rod is also used in shipbuilding works. It is also important for welding vehicles. That’s because it provides optimum performance. So for new sheet metal, the 6013 is a highly preferable rod. (Read more about 6011 Vs 6013 Welding Rods).
What is the 7018 welding rod used for?
The 7018 is the most commonly used welding rod. It is used in all positions of metal. Most importantly, you can select this rod for both AC and DC. Structural welding can’t take place without it. So you can say that it is a highly used welding rod.
You can use this rod for any type of structural welding. The structural welding can take place at the home, office, shopping center, and anywhere. You can especially use it for crack-resistant welding.
It is a low hydrogen rod. So never forget to use this rod in an environment that is free from moisture. (Read more about 1/8 vs 3/32 Welding Rods).
Welding rods for stainless steel
General welding rods can’t be used in welding stainless steel. And stainless steel requires a specific type of rod. a 301, 302, 304, or 35 welding rod is a good selection for stainless steel.
You can use these types of rods even if you don’t know the grade of the material. For clad and steel-clad stainless steel, you can use the 309 welding rod. You may require so many rods to weld stainless steel.
Another important fact is, you can use 304 and 316 welding rods for 304 stainless steel. But you cannot use 308 rods in case of 316 stainless steel. You must pay attention to your steel’s grades and your welding rods.
What is 7014 welding rod used for?
It is a kind of welding rod used in mild welding. The rod provides smooth beads with a little effort. It is not a hydrogen welding rod. So it is easy to use. You can even use this rod for your dump project.
Most importantly, you can use this type of rod in AC and DC positions. It is mostly suitable for horizontal welding. But you can’t use it in a vertical position.
You can use this for multiple purposes.
- For making bridges.
- For structural welding.
- For sheet metal welds.
- For ornamental iron.
What is a 6011 welding rod used for?
You can use this rod in power piping. Moreover, you can use this rod for general repair. In fact, this one is most suitable for root passes on pipe.
Most importantly, it is much suitable for welding thin metals. It is recommended that you can use the 6011 welding rod to fill the gaps and holes of your metals.
What is 6010 welding rod used for?
You can use the 6010 welding rod almost in all positions. But you can not use it in AC conditions.
Though it is designed only for DC conditions, you can use it for multiple purposes.
It is used-
- For Construction and shipbuilding.
- For repairing your metals.
- For pipe welding.
- For maintenance welding.
Can you use a 6011 welding rod with a DC welder?
The 6011 welding rod is generally used for AC welders. Though it is designed for AC welders, you can run it for DC welders. It works really well in a DC welder. A group of experts recommends using the 6011 welding rod for initial welding with a DC welder. But for the finishing and smooth welding, you can use another welding rod as well.
We are about end our discussion on welding rod numbers and uses. And surely, you have been an informed one now after reading the whole article.
You know there are a lot of different welding electrodes and wires out there. And by knowing the right welding rod number and uses, you can match your requirement now.
Best of luck.